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Why Snow and Confetti Ruin YouTube Video Quality

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  • Publicado em 22 Mai 2016
  • Your sports team wins. The confetti drops. And suddenly, the video quality falls apart. Why? Let's talk about interframe compression, bitrate, and unnecessary green screen effects.
    I'm at tomscott.com
    on Twitter at tomscott
    on Facebook at tomscott
    and on Instagram as @tomscottgo
    You might also like: How Green Screen Worked Before Computers: www.youtube.com/watch?v=msPCQ...
    This uses one Creative Commons by-attribution photo, "Sony Trinitron" by Antífama, available here: flic.kr/p/6DBMYn

Comentários • 6 606

  • Stuck.
    Stuck. 3 anos atrás +27364

    That editing... How lucky we are to have such talented people posting this kind of stuff on BRclip

    • imAminder
      imAminder 8 horas atrás

      PRAISE GOD!!!! ❤️❤️✝️✝️✝️

    • De Gruisman
      De Gruisman Mês atrás

      now on to the next tiktok challenge!

    • tt rr
      tt rr 6 meses atrás

      its a BOT

    • Bohdan Melnychuk
      Bohdan Melnychuk 8 meses atrás

      @Rafał yes, and no, because while only the best are selected, the best can be better or worse. That is one of the reasons why decrease in Earths population might be a bad thing: there would be fewer talented people. Even though of course there would always be the most talented people by their time's standard.
      Alas I am not a talented one, so this explanation is a mess.

    • Bohdan Melnychuk
      Bohdan Melnychuk 8 meses atrás +1

      @Nathan J might be because you post only once in months

  • TobiAnimados
    TobiAnimados Anos atrás +4938

    This was a very good explanation! I learned this by trial and error while uploading animations. The more moving little details, gradients or flashing lights, means worse quality, so it's something to have in mind while making animations, well in general while making any YT content.

    • Jëns
      Jëns 10 meses atrás

      SHUT UP AHHHHH

    • juniper
      juniper 10 meses atrás +2

      @MK8 Master! because you post terrible videos

    • YoCroky
      YoCroky 10 meses atrás +1

      @MK8 Master! Nice it's so much better quality than 1080p

    • yousif hayder
      yousif hayder 10 meses atrás +1

      Me gustan tus videos

    • YoCroky
      YoCroky 10 meses atrás

      upload in 1440p then

  • BJ Schnauzer
    BJ Schnauzer Anos atrás +569

    2:09 the slight delay really makes the film look proper, each frame too

    • debug
      debug 2 meses atrás +1

      the film stock is photographic 35mm tho

    • John Loughrin
      John Loughrin 11 meses atrás +4

      Wyre what a detail

    • KhasKid
      KhasKid Anos atrás +25

      Wow just noticed that props to the editor

  • Aayush Sapra
    Aayush Sapra Anos atrás +1313

    I never understand his videos but still enjoy them a lot.

    • Alin Dileep
      Alin Dileep Mês atrás

      This is as easy as it gets

    • Aarav Diwakar
      Aarav Diwakar Mês atrás

      Same

    • Nick
      Nick 10 meses atrás +2

      @NitroNick777 how is that being a moron????

    • Samsung User
      Samsung User 10 meses atrás +1

      @pojuh suspicious

    • pojuh
      pojuh 10 meses atrás

      @MK8 Master! no but why do you have 150k subscribers but only 200 views on each video?

  • Galo A. V.
    Galo A. V. Anos atrás +325

    Alternate Title: Tom Scott destroys the fabric of reality during a party

    • zero
      zero 10 meses atrás

      wea

    • A.J. Otero
      A.J. Otero Anos atrás +18

      *M O R E C O N F E T T I*

  • Hex Flareheart
    Hex Flareheart 4 anos atrás +16513

    That jacket throw gag was completely unnecessary and I love it.
    Serious props to you for this, Tom; this is really well-put-together.

  • BamanaDuck
    BamanaDuck Anos atrás +138

    I've watched this video too many times, but I still come back to it for just a perfect explanation and sheer joy of watching the video degrade as Tom yells "MORE CONFETTI"

  • Zelly_9191
    Zelly_9191 2 meses atrás +23

    So a lot of people might not remember this but this video watching experence was slightly different when it came out.
    BRclip has improved its quality over the years as has our internet connections.
    When Tom Scott says "over the next couple of seconds the quality of the video will come back" it was literal, it use to take a second or two for the quality to return.
    Now though? The quality instantly comes back within a fraction of a second. Maybe a few frames worth of low quality video but that's all that you can see now.
    Literally blink-and-you'll-miss-it.
    The same effect also would apply to when he increased the bitrate in the video. The quality use to still be rough for a few seconds.

  • PilotTeacher452
    PilotTeacher452 Anos atrás +383

    3:20 when the "gaming" laptop actually plays games

    • Shizuka [The Ultimate Writer]
      Shizuka [The Ultimate Writer] 4 meses atrás

      my laptop which isn't supposed for playing, and RAM don't meet genshin's requirements: 3:46

    • Neojhun
      Neojhun 9 meses atrás +2

      Just got a Legion 7 with RTX3070 mobile for work. It's the loudest PC I have owned for the past decade including desktops. When under heavy load mainly, it's quiet doing productivity office suite and web browsing.

    • Nisa5552
      Nisa5552 10 meses atrás +1

      @Douglas Pantz FOR REALLL MY COMPUTER IS LOUDER THAN A CAR ENGINE 😭

    • 4-FX
      4-FX 10 meses atrás

      And you try on Max settings to test ram

    • VortexH123
      VortexH123  Anos atrás +1

      lmfaoo same

  • Kutsen39
    Kutsen39 Anos atrás +132

    Trees are really bad for doing this too. Any time there's a shaded path surrounded by trees, I have to bump the quality all the way up.

    • Michael ReznoR
      Michael ReznoR Anos atrás +4

      If you use CRF (Constant Rate Factor) in the encoder, it will do that automatically for you, detecting any scenes where this is needed.

  • Edward Nygma
    Edward Nygma 2 anos atrás +22969

    0:36 That jacket throw was purely a flex to show off their editing skills, and I respect that.

    • imAminder
      imAminder 8 horas atrás

      PRAISE GOD!!!!! ❤️❤️✝️✝️✝️✝️

    • Andrew Varnum
      Andrew Varnum  Mês atrás

      fr

    • Edward Nygma
      Edward Nygma Mês atrás

      @JW The editor/editors in general.

    • JW
      JW Mês atrás

      Who is they

    • vinh 2
      vinh 2 2 meses atrás

      Wait that was so smooth

  • StarWarsDude222
    StarWarsDude222 Anos atrás +45

    Tom Scott is one of the guys that I forget that I'm watching from my feed. I don't need to have the sound on to hear how his voice sounds and his captions are perfect.

  • AK Reanimated
    AK Reanimated Anos atrás +18

    the editing is beyond amazing, very interesting way to present information like this while making it easy to understand for people that are completely new to that concept, while keeping it entertaining!

  • Jmchich STUDIO
    Jmchich STUDIO Anos atrás +16

    Had my hands-on experience with this while installing security cameras - plastic wrap would reflect a lot of sunbeams, and one camera was recording 3 times more data than the other one. Great video, Tom!

  • Just Some Guy without a Mustache

    I just know that in the future, humanity will find a way to fix this issue.

    • Acela
      Acela 6 meses atrás

      Gigabit internet is a thing now but as long as all the way to Data center is gigabit there will be still bottlenecks.

    • Nicholas Leclerc
      Nicholas Leclerc 10 meses atrás

      @BloodAssassin
      And replace it with what ? 5G ?

    • Esteban Ospina
      Esteban Ospina 10 meses atrás

      the fix.. is the compression, you can't just do magic for how data is sent and displayed

    • ٴ
      ٴ  Anos atrás +1

      Higher network speed --> higher Bitrate--> better quality

    • Andy Green
      Andy Green Anos atrás

      Lossless video compression could fix this issue, if only the compression ratio were higher.

  • aceichner
    aceichner Anos atrás +19058

    "Don't know why I am yelling, I'll be adding the wind noise in later."
    It's those little gems that make your videos so much fun.

    • Guru Karthik
      Guru Karthik Mês atrás

      @ChrisPlayz 🤡

    • ChrisPlayz
      ChrisPlayz 2 meses atrás

      @Nicholas Spivak nerd 🤓🤓🤓

    • aterack833
      aterack833 10 meses atrás

      Ok now I am going to watch it now

    • Rickmonas90
      Rickmonas90 10 meses atrás +1

      @Bruh go back to preschool, you unsophisticated child

    • Cheezboy
      Cheezboy 10 meses atrás +4

      @Bruh okay, don't cry about it

  • Johnny
    Johnny 10 meses atrás +5

    wow, this is the most interesting youtube video i’ve seen in weeks. kudos to Tom Scott for the longevity and for being so prolific that even though i’ve been watching his stuff for ten years, i still managed to miss such an amazing video of his until five years after the upload.

  • Spook Lass
    Spook Lass Anos atrás +43

    If you turn it to 144p you can literally see what he's talking about.

    • cloudy sky
      cloudy sky 10 meses atrás

      another person who actually bothered doing that

    • 62 98
      62 98 Anos atrás +4

      Oh I see it…

  • Cars0ndh
    Cars0ndh 9 meses atrás

    Wow thank you for such an easy and quick explanation of compression! I remember doing some quick math once for figuring out the bit rate needed for a 1080p video at 24 frames per second, and being shocked at how high it was and wondering how my internet speed could handle playing videos. I made a mental note to Google my questions about it, but never got around to it, and now out of nowhere, you perfectly explained it to me

  • Toma
    Toma 2 meses atrás

    I keep rewatching this just because of how cool it is. I love the part where he snaps and the video turns from a compressed mess to a nice crisp image

  • D L
    D L Mês atrás +1

    the same can be said for when you see rain or lightning scenes in movies being streamed.
    in animation, its usually seen in those scenes with lots of background movement. Like in anime for example, the fighting scenes that have those striped backgrounds that move fast, kinda like the star trek light streaks when they warp. If you haven't noticed, in the newer shows, they intentionally make the light streaks less complicated looking, less streaks and add color to them to give the impression of a warp. Back in the day there would be tons and tons of light streaks. We have work to do to fix compression on streaming, yet the average streamer that knows nothing of this stuff, will chalk it up to how it is supposed to look. So leave it to the companies to fix or find a solution to? Probably not gonna happen until enough complaints happen. *Progress!*

  • Slowmo iOS
    Slowmo iOS Anos atrás

    This will help me so much when I’m making BRclip videos! I will remember to optimize the amount of things that are going on so that the kilobits will only have to focus on a small amount of objects, therefore making those objects higher quality.
    (Hopefully I got that right 😂)

  • Scorpion - VG Covers
    Scorpion - VG Covers 11 meses atrás +42

    Tom: More Confetti!
    Tom's PC: please sir....
    Tom: HERE WE GO!

  • Sofia Kats
    Sofia Kats 9 meses atrás +1

    This video is breathtakingly good. Thank you for creating that piece! So inspiring how you explain and show this very technical topic :)

  • yizzie82
    yizzie82 3 anos atrás +12316

    "I don't know why i'm yelling, i'll add the wind noise later" made me burst out my coffee :D

    • imAminder
      imAminder 8 horas atrás

      PRAISE OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST!!! ❤️❤️✝️✝️✝️

    • Tim Szabo
      Tim Szabo Mês atrás

      @Jazzy nobody asked

    • WMV Gaming
      WMV Gaming Mês atrás +1

      What were u doin inside ur coffee?

    • Rocko1290
      Rocko1290 Mês atrás +1

      How many people who say they spit out their drink actually spit out their drink. I'm guessing zero

    • Jokie
      Jokie Mês atrás

      @Jazzy don’t worry he’s just getting milk at the same store all the other dads go to.

  • Fietsvlogger - Dutch cyclist

    I love this video! Didn't only make me laugh (more snow, more confetti), also made me understand how this works... and why BRclip doesn't like it when I shoot videos from the bicycle. Thanks, subscribed!

  • E A M
    E A M Anos atrás

    As much as compression makes video far more accessible, I find my self using discs/downloads more because the video quality compromises are becoming more apparent the better our TVs get.

  • mistermax98
    mistermax98 2 meses atrás

    Just got this video in the recommended and honestly, it makes me think about some old footage I recorded being blocky despite (what I thought at the time anyway) the bit rate being set to high. Makes total sense since so much was happening on screen all at once. It's nice to see a visual along with the explanation.

  • Spencer Plewe
    Spencer Plewe Anos atrás +3

    This has to be one of the most essential explainers I’ve ever seen!

  • Cody'sLab
    Cody'sLab 6 anos atrás +14299

    Just sitting here drooling over those effects and realizing that I really need to up my game.

  • Костя Киндалюк
    Костя Киндалюк 11 meses atrás +1

    Also, as I know, video compresses squares and lines with same color, so the bitrate is calculated specifically for this... So when snow and confetti shows up, compressor can't calculate how to compress this because of these different colors in many places.

  • ralnyx
    ralnyx Anos atrás +1

    god I'm jealous how good their editing skills are, amazing work.

  • Divya Vyas
    Divya Vyas Anos atrás +2

    A good example of this would be in one of Tom Scott's own video. In his video, "What is the best thing?" at around 1:17 when Scott pulls up a list of all the wikidata articles, Tom's camera quality itself deteriorates significantly. A few seconds later, when the list is over, the quality goes back to normal.

  • Bidoofus
    Bidoofus 10 meses atrás

    Having done my senior project on using wavelets to perform image compression, this explanation was very intuitive

  • Tom Scott
    Tom Scott  6 anos atrás +6444

    One thing I didn't expect: the quality actually returns half a second before the confetti stops! BRclip's encoding is a little smarter than I thought it was - I'd guess it worked out there'd be some spare bits coming up and used them to fill in the gaps.

    • Jasper Ellens
      Jasper Ellens Mês atrás

      And at this moment, the quality is just immediately perfect like the file you once uploaded. BRclip compression is so smart you apparently can’t fool it anymore

    • ГЦРЕГТ
      ГЦРЕГТ Anos atrás

      Hmm nice bike

    • Studying Is Fun - Official Channel
      Studying Is Fun - Official Channel Anos atrás

      Oh thats why

    • AlFas
      AlFas 3 anos atrás

      Are you implying you exported and uploaded the raw AVI?

    • Kate_Vye Ⱦ
      Kate_Vye Ⱦ 3 anos atrás

      That was prutty ^-^

  • Cameron VanDeMeme
    Cameron VanDeMeme Anos atrás +5

    This is also a good repsentation of the fact you dont really need great video as long as the audio is good, the video will still be watchable. Do the same test but apply the bitrate to audio instead and the whole thing becomes unwatchable even with crisp hd footage

    • vaiyt
      vaiyt Mês atrás

      Q
      When we made amateur movies at school the budget priority was on audio, because crappy video with decent audio is a lot more watchable than nice video where you can't hear what people are saying 😂

  • Gene Kwagmyr Singh
    Gene Kwagmyr Singh 9 meses atrás

    I just think it's interesting that the confetti/snow produces effects that look a lot like compression errors or something.

  • Sevdalink
    Sevdalink Anos atrás

    You fascinate me by how easy I can absorbe your explanations. Somewhere else I would just be able to pretend myself I understood something.

  • Andrew Justice
    Andrew Justice 11 meses atrás

    I swear…. You have some of the most interesting and talented animators and editors in the business…. Needless details or scene choices, like throwing your jacket on the ground from inside the video editor suite, kinda stuff… it’s a good way to keep videos interesting while you aren’t “on site”

  • Nhi Vũ
    Nhi Vũ 2 anos atrás +5918

    legends say that he’s still demanding more confetti...

    • Nicholas Forliti
      Nicholas Forliti Mês atrás

      I dont remember saying that

    • Dylan Merle King 1
      Dylan Merle King 1 Mês atrás

      Let's add as much confetti and snow as we can!

    • ArthursHD
      ArthursHD 2 meses atrás

      @BlueFire Animations at that point compression will only make things slower with no real benefit.

    • Jewwy Seinfeld
      Jewwy Seinfeld Anos atrás

      MORE confetti!

    • SKYline TV
      SKYline TV Anos atrás

      Everybody gangsta, till Tom asks: "Is there a limit to confetti…
      Wait, wrong channel

  • Puppy Dog
    Puppy Dog Anos atrás

    This is very informative. I have always wondered why some of the videos I watch get blurry every once in a while.

  • Carlos Bentzen
    Carlos Bentzen Anos atrás

    Can you ever make the raw frames for this video public? Like a Y4M file. I'm a dev playing with encoding video in VBR codecs and using your video would be fun :D

  • Jordan Pio
    Jordan Pio 9 meses atrás +2

    5 years later and I'm still learning more everyday from @Tom Scott

  • Penbotsu
    Penbotsu 18 horas atrás

    This was simply the fastest and most effective explanation of bitrates. I've ever seen. And it was funny too. Thank you. :)

  • yeehaw
    yeehaw 2 anos atrás +15910

    "If you already understand interframe compression, you can pick another video."
    _No, I don't think I will._

  • S
    S 10 meses atrás +2

    It’s interesting because I already imagined BRclip did something like this. It’s cool to see detailed confirmation.

  • GamerShy Uncut
    GamerShy Uncut Anos atrás

    Funny thing, when you brought the bitrate back up, everything was instantly super clear again. There wasn't as much of a drop as there weould've been when this video was made.

  • shaqs asleep. shhh
    shaqs asleep. shhh Anos atrás +1

    Putting this in 144p and watching him freeze the confetti is amazing

  • The Potato
    The Potato 10 meses atrás

    Even with more than a decade of experience dealing with bitrates, I still watched this video till the end.
    Now *that's* entertainment.

  • Aster Antimony
    Aster Antimony Anos atrás +3836

    "If you already understand interframe compression, you can pick another video."
    Me, watching this video for the 20th time: no

    • weegie334
      weegie334 21 dia atrás

      sameeeee. I use compression quite a lot in my game saves (in my own games i make) but i’m here for the internet

    • Tomato Boi
      Tomato Boi 10 meses atrás +1

      @Wischmopps why are you here then? you don't even understand this video anyway

    • nutellla_
      nutellla_ 10 meses atrás +1

      @Wischmopps do you not watch anything for entertainment? you must be sad

    • CM
      CM 10 meses atrás +2

      @UniverseNerd shouldn't you use an eth instead of a thorn in those cases?

    • UniverseNerd
      UniverseNerd 10 meses atrás +7

      @Wischmopps not stupid. I understand þis perfectly even before þis was uploaded. It is entertaining

  • Purity Vendetta
    Purity Vendetta Anos atrás +2

    I know this video is 4 years old but it's a great explaination of the actual consequences of video compression. I was wondering if it's very similar for digital audio compression and is this why some people, myself included, feel that analogue audio sounds better?

    • RAHelllord
      RAHelllord 10 meses atrás

      Yes and no, mp3 is lossy compression and will remove small details that can't be heard, both because the frequencies are just not within hearing range for most people but also some psychosomatic things that the ear just can't process at certain times, like a low volume noise after something loud. Lossless compression like FLAC however does preserve those details, too, then it's just a matter of having good enough hardware to get it transformed back into analog adequately.

  • Jemand
    Jemand Anos atrás

    the question is: would an uncompressed image in - let's say SD PAL resolution - be better in those cases?

  • CW GaminG
    CW GaminG Anos atrás +2

    This editing is actually the best quality I have ever seen I love it

  • Niels
    Niels Anos atrás

    I love this way of teaching by doing. It makes it feel like it is a special kind of video, unlike other youtube videos. I wonder why

  • Tara Strong
    Tara Strong 6 anos atrás +970

    Loved the part where his coat was thrown out of the preview window in after effects. It's little touches like this that make Tom Scott's videos really stand out

    • GG 42 [GER]
      GG 42 [GER] 4 anos atrás

      Tara Strong didnt notice xD

    • Edmar100
      Edmar100 4 anos atrás +8

      goose121 It really didn't, they probably just used masking which cut around the edges of the jacket frame by frame, which to be honest probably wasn't even that much considering the jacket flew off the scene so quickly. Though I will say it is a nice touch. If you enjoy these kinds of videos which give out amazing details within production go check out Captain Disillusion.

    • goose121
      goose121 4 anos atrás +1

      That must have taken forever to edit! I totally agree about those little touches, though

    • Giin
      Giin 4 anos atrás +1

      Dominic Littlewood script perhaps running on a screen.

    • Dominic Littlewood
      Dominic Littlewood 4 anos atrás +7

      He did seem to be talking to a spot just above the camera though

  • I'm definitely not Mario I Am The One

    genuinely my favorite video on BRclip. very entertaining and educational.

  • The Good Old Dayz
    The Good Old Dayz 9 meses atrás

    This is a fantastic explaination. It also gives me a good idea why when streaming on Discord to friends, they see pixellated artifacts while playing Rocket League 😆

  • S7hapa
    S7hapa 10 meses atrás

    This is a fantastic video. I have always noticed but never thought about why the video quality dropped when I am watching a game on tv and the camera switches to the crowd or when i am watching a movie and there is a fast moving action sequence in a crowded area! It all makes sense now!

  • Cherry
    Cherry 10 meses atrás

    i have absolutely no idea why i clicked on this video but i’m damn glad i did because not only did i learn something, i’m also stunned by that amazing and creative editing

  • Killbayne
    Killbayne Anos atrás +6629

    Teacher: "can you all see me well?"
    Teachers camera: 3:39

    • The2x4
      The2x4 2 meses atrás

      And people wonder why the pros don't use animated background on zoom ...

    • XY2
      XY2 2 meses atrás

      The TV randomly having a seizure:

    • Killbayne
      Killbayne 10 meses atrás

      @• l a k e l l a • *MORE SNOW*

    • • l a k e l l a •
      • l a k e l l a • 10 meses atrás

      MORE CONFETTI, THERE WE GO

    • j530
      j530 11 meses atrás

      😂😂😂😂

  • Tushita Sadhu
    Tushita Sadhu Anos atrás +3

    I've been watching 3:53 - 3:57 on repeat and i'm so in awe every single time

  • The Cricket Badgers
    The Cricket Badgers Anos atrás

    I've also seen this with for example sports celebrations where they spray champagne. Great video Tom, and quality editing too, props to the editor!

  • Harbir Singh
    Harbir Singh Anos atrás +4

    Whatever the bit rate of this video is, it still is one high quality video.

  • DestroyerMariko
    DestroyerMariko Anos atrás

    This was super helpful, I suspected this was my issue but now I know for sure!

  • Étoine de Vries
    Étoine de Vries 5 anos atrás +4490

    The editing on this video is amazing!

    • A cat
      A cat 3 anos atrás

      Ik it makes my editing look like some everyday chump could create it
      However I am just editing on mobile ( with a proper pc and a good editor I'm sure my editing could become tonnes better)

    • Paul Cosby
      Paul Cosby 5 anos atrás +1

      Étoine de Vries watch captain disillusion!

    • cobblecola
      cobblecola 5 anos atrás

      The NuggetBacon i

    • Nugcon
      Nugcon 5 anos atrás +9

      true

    • Étoine de Vries
      Étoine de Vries 5 anos atrás +77

      @THE_SAM09​ Thanks, people were telling about my amazing english so I needed to change it a little.

  • No Thanks
    No Thanks Anos atrás

    Amazing editing in this video ! Totally made it easy to understand

  • Pitti Barlin
    Pitti Barlin 9 meses atrás +1

    I guess this is a roundabout explanation for why even with my superfast broadband, I can never stream driving game videos without them going all 1995 and 120p or so.
    Driveclub (and their rain effects) being the worse culprit.

  • Norb
    Norb Anos atrás +13

    Imagine his neighbors kids: ''Daddy someone keeps yelling for more confetti...''

  • JJW 836412
    JJW 836412 10 meses atrás

    This is true. When I use a low bitrate to save video space, every time I stand still in the video game, all the quality comes back.

  • Nitro Lemons
    Nitro Lemons 3 anos atrás +8612

    Tom, please no more confetti you have to stop this ple-
    *MORE CONFETTI*

    • hide
      hide Anos atrás +1

      *M O R E C O N F E T T I*

    • sack boy 166
      sack boy 166 2 anos atrás +3

      @Luke Goli BRclip.exe has stopped working.

    • Vishal Mohan Vasi
      Vishal Mohan Vasi 2 anos atrás +4

      BRclip: NOO!! You can't just keep adding more and more confetti on purpose, so that the video quality decreases
      Tom: haha confetti poppers goes brrrrr

    • Luke Goli
      Luke Goli 2 anos atrás +5

      Tom we must not make millions of screens watching this to crash together please...
      *M O R E C O N F E T T I*

    • stan p
      stan p 2 anos atrás +3

      *M O R E C O N F E T T I*

  • Cellem
    Cellem 9 meses atrás +1

    Brilliant video, thank you so much for the explanation.

  • Sheng He
    Sheng He 10 meses atrás

    HD channels usually don't have as many compression artifacts as the SD channels because they use a higher bit rate.
    You can use constant quality or variable bit rate which automatically adjusts the bitrate depending on how detailed the video is. This will save some bandwidth on scenes with blank backgrounds and will reduce compression artifacts on more detailed scenes.

  • refrigerator
    refrigerator 2 meses atrás

    Tom can take a concept that I have absolutely no intrest in whatsoever and turn it into a video that I watch all the way through.

  • Thewaterspirit57
    Thewaterspirit57 10 meses atrás

    Also, someday we'll be able to have digital video at higher bit rates streaming to us. Maybe not in that full gigabit, but maybe even half

  • Riasat Salmin Sami
    Riasat Salmin Sami 3 anos atrás +4481

    Snow & confetti doesn't ruin BRclip video quality.
    BRclip video ruins snow & confetti quality.

  • Daniel O
    Daniel O 5 meses atrás

    I find Tom getting compressed into less and less pixels unreasonably hilarious
    It's something about low-quality videos

  • Kalinho_PL
    Kalinho_PL 10 meses atrás

    The edit, the humor, the digestible knowledge... I like this video

  • The AA and GG Show
    The AA and GG Show Anos atrás

    I know how to do most of these effects but its still fascinating how cool it looks

  • Mild Misanthrope
    Mild Misanthrope 7 meses atrás

    Another thing that puts compression to its limits and is bound to end up full of artifacts is wilderness shots with movement and a lot of wind. A lot of leaves and grass shaking with the camera shaking and moving is very taxing.

  • frustbox
    frustbox 6 anos atrás +3323

    I knew most of this already, but damn, the editing on this was fantastic! That literal "throwaway" joke with the jacket … wow! So much effort, but it goes a long way. Great job!

    • ГЦРЕГТ
      ГЦРЕГТ Anos atrás

      @Tom Scott hm nice bike

    • Jos Geerink
      Jos Geerink 4 anos atrás

      yeah

    • Lucas Flidr
      Lucas Flidr 6 anos atrás +27

      @Bloodbath and Beyond How about the fact that he... _threw_ the jacket _away_ ?

    • Lucas Flidr
      Lucas Flidr 6 anos atrás +2

      @frustbox I thought of the "larger that it seems" green screen, which would capture the whole throw too, but I figured it is more budget wise and practical to just do it digitally :D

    • Maximilian
      Maximilian 6 anos atrás

      @frustbox It's done using your second suggestion. I'd say I'm 95% sure of it. It's still a nice adn catchy effect. wp

  • Bier B
    Bier B Anos atrás

    I think (at least in effect) to this used to happen to me when playing modern video games on ancient hardware. Audio and graphics would cut out everywhere when many things started to happen at once.
    It didn't even slow down sometimes, certain things would just load erratically, textures turn into confetti, sounds into noisy mess.
    But when the action died down, it was perfectly fine

    • Merthalophor
      Merthalophor 10 meses atrás

      no, video games aren't compressed this say. Your problem probably was that the textures were loaded in bad quality or not at all, and the sound card was unable to catch up hence teared the sound completely.

  • Nicolas Jochem
    Nicolas Jochem Mês atrás

    incredible that we put up with that. I think a solution would be to introduce a "lossless" (while being not truly exactly lossless of course) codec option, where only intra-frames for the whole video would be allowed. Of course this can not be used in large parts of the world, but it could save some sensitive people a headache.

  • CAMEL
    CAMEL 10 meses atrás

    im guessing this also applies to static too. everytime someone dies on fnaf the static turns the quality poor. for the ccs camera and the screen

  • RolandAshcroft
    RolandAshcroft 8 meses atrás

    We need to make people aware of this, this is unacceptable, they should make an exception to confetti and snow footage.

  • FreddyBoyBoy
    FreddyBoyBoy Anos atrás

    Your editing skills are on another whole level!

  • Sanquinity
    Sanquinity Anos atrás

    This is also why audiophiles want to listen to uncompressed versions of music for instance. For the average listener the compressed version is fine, but you'll still lose some of the details and such when it's compressed.

  • Eternal Productions
    Eternal Productions 10 meses atrás

    I always wonder how tom knows these facts in such detail about such random topics

  • JoeTheBeau
    JoeTheBeau 11 meses atrás +1

    it takes up the bit rate, theres a bunch of tiny detailed moving parts on the screen, and video processing programs really do not like that

  • Bronwyn Knox
    Bronwyn Knox 2 anos atrás +509

    Just wanted to let you know that whenever this happens on TV, everyone in my family goes "it's the Tom Scott thing!". I'm sure loads of other people do too!

  • PiggyOfficialYT
    PiggyOfficialYT Anos atrás

    You probably know these by now, but any rapidly falling small object will cause the quality of the video to go down. Examples: Static, weather without clouds and sun, etc.

  • Kumorin
    Kumorin 10 meses atrás

    I know about video compression already but still watched this video because the way you present it is fire 🔥🔥🔥

  • Bad bad bad robot
    Bad bad bad robot Anos atrás +1

    This is easily THE best and most incredible video I've ever seen.

  • Comedy Man
    Comedy Man 10 meses atrás

    I want a 1 hour video of Tom saying "more confetti"

  • Bike Deliveries
    Bike Deliveries 6 anos atrás +491

    Tom this is absolutely THE BEST video you have ever made. I loved the effort, the detail, all the work that you put into it. Very well done, and keep it up :)

    • msanto
      msanto 6 anos atrás +1

      Scene transitions were on point!

    • Max Makes
      Max Makes 6 anos atrás +1

      Agreed! The editing is phenomenal!

    • Ryan
      Ryan 6 anos atrás

      Wholehearted agreement!

    • Stacy Lutz
      Stacy Lutz 6 anos atrás

      +DeadBeatFlyingJackass I agree!

    • checksum0
      checksum0 6 anos atrás +1

      Definitely, I have been following Tom for quite a while a this might be the most well put together video I have seen for a while.
      I feel like I could show this video to my mom and she would actually understand it.

  • Nate Levin
    Nate Levin 10 meses atrás +1

    3:56 I swear when I watched this a few years ago it looked very bad for 2+ seconds.
    Now there is almost no difference! Wonder what changed to make that happen.

  • Oscar Martinez
    Oscar Martinez 10 meses atrás

    That's cool. I've also noticed any video with ripples of waves it sometimes loses quality as well

  • HEXLOOM
    HEXLOOM Mês atrás +1

    just wanted to say this was really well done and a great watch

  • Shanks
    Shanks 7 dias atrás +1

    This video didn't age well, once you turned the bit rate up it actually looked nearly the same as it did when you paused all the effects. When I originally watched this video a few years ago you where right, the quality dramatically changed between active effects and paused effects.

    • Alex
      Alex 2 dias atrás

      youtube changed their codec that doesn't ruin the quality that much anymore

  • Shayhan
    Shayhan 3 anos atrás +643

    This type of video is what I call quality educational content. You demonstrated something I wanted people to realize for a long time very well.

    • xexpaguette
      xexpaguette 2 anos atrás

      @Corn0nTheCobb • who cares

    • Corn0nTheCobb •
      Corn0nTheCobb • 2 anos atrás +2

      I have a small penis.

    • Davel
      Davel 2 anos atrás +2

      I noticed that all the time as i watched videos in 360 p for majority of my time on You Tube

  • SerenaOculis
    SerenaOculis Mês atrás

    if you watch the confetti section at 144p you can literally see how the compression stops changing the position of tom's mouth between frames to save bits